Comparison of Textbook Passages, Nonfiction Trade Book Passages and Fiction Trade Book Passages as Instructional Tools for Learning Science

Comparison of Textbook Passages, Nonfiction Trade Book Passages and Fiction Trade Book Passages as Instructional Tools for Learning Science

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This study examined the impact of different types of text on student achievement in elementary school science. Gender was also examined to see if the type of text passage read had any differential effect on boys' and girls' achievement. This study was a pretest/posttest/retention test design. Eighty-four fourth grade students from a public charter elementary school in South Florida were randomly assigned a passage from a physical science textbook, a physical science nonfiction trade book, a physical science fiction trade book, a biological science textbook or a biological science nonfiction trade book. Results in the physical science content area revealed that students in the textbook passage group had higher posttest and retention test results than students in the nonfiction and fiction trade book passage groups. There was no difference on the posttest results of students in the biological science textbook and nonfiction trade book passage groups. Students in the biological science textbook passage group had higher retention results than students in the biological science nonfiction passage group. Gender results in the physical science content area revealed that boys had a higher retention score than girls in the fiction trade book passage group. There were no gender achievement differences as a result of the text passage read in the biological science content area. It was concluded that no definitive answer as to the efficacy of textbooks versus trade books was possible based upon results of the study. Recommendations for future research include examining the effects of different types of texts in conjunction with other authentic teaching methods.Maria and Jungea#39;s 1993 study entitled, A comparison of fifth gradersa#39; comprehension and retention of scientific ... They suggested subsequent research should use a pretest to ascertain what the students knew prior to the reading as well asanbsp;...


Title:Comparison of Textbook Passages, Nonfiction Trade Book Passages and Fiction Trade Book Passages as Instructional Tools for Learning Science
Author: Cynthia Kelly
Publisher:ProQuest - 2008
ISBN-13:

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