To Kill Nations

To Kill Nations

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Between 1945 and 1950, the United States had a global nuclear monopoly. The A-bomb transformed the nationa€™s strategic airpower and saw the Air Force displace the Navy at the front line of American defense. In To Kill Nations, Edward Kaplan traces the evolution of American strategic airpower and preparation for nuclear war from this early air-atomic era to a later period (1950a€“1965) in which the Soviet Uniona€™s atomic capability, accelerated by thermonuclear weapons and ballistic missiles, made American strategic assets vulnerable and gradually undermined air-atomic strategy. The shift to mutually assured destruction (MAD) via general nuclear exchange steadily took precedence in strategic thinking and budget allocations. Soon American nuclear-armed airborne bomber fleets shaped for conventionally defineda€”if implausible, then impossiblea€”victory were supplanted by missile-based forces designed to survive and punish. The Air Force receded from the forefront of American security policy. Kaplan throws into question both the inevitability and preferability of the strategic doctrine of MAD. He looks at the process by which cultural, institutional, and strategic ideas about MAD took shape and makes insightful use of the comparison between generals who thought they could win a nuclear war and the cold institutional logic of the suicide pact that was MAD. Kaplan also offers a reappraisal of Eisenhowera€™s nuclear strategy and diplomacy to make a case for the marginal viability of air-atomic military power even in an era of ballistic missiles.AF Manual 1-2, Mar 53, Call No. K168.13001-2, HRA, 11. 35. Gen. ... AF Manual 1-2, 1 Apr 55, 127266, HRA, 7. 51. Air Doctrine and the Realities of ... LeMaya#39;s Diary, 6 Jul 51, a€œLeMay Diary No.3 1951, a€ CL. 63. Strat Vuln of Sov Mil Strengths, anbsp;...

Title:To Kill Nations
Author: Edward Kaplan
Publisher:Cornell University Press - 2015-03-24

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